Hardcoded Passwords, also often referred to as Embedded Credentials, are plain text passwords or other secrets in source code. Password hardcoding refers to the practice of embedding plain text (non-encrypted) passwords and other secrets (SSH Keys, DevOps secrets, etc.) into the source code.
Here are some of the top password security risks:
According to OWASP, “Unnecessary or unsafe network services that run on the devices, particularly those that are exposed to the internet, jeopardize the availability of confidentiality, integrity/authenticity of information, and open the risk of unauthorized remote control of IoT devices.
Manual testing is suitable when the test cases are run once or twice. Therefore there is no frequent repetition of test cases. Automated testing is suitable when the test cases need to run repeatedly for a long duration of time.
IoT devices are vulnerable mostly because they lack the necessary built-in security controls to defend against threats. The key reason is the constrained environment and the limited computational capacity of these devices.
Vulnerabilities related to the device memory include sensitive data, clear-text authentication credentials, and weak or no encryption. Device damage is related to an IoT device itself. Removal of storage media and privilege escalation relates to the potential vulnerabilities of the interfaces on an IoT device.
There are many kinds of attacks on IoT devices, the following remains the most prevalent ones.
- Privilege escalation attacks
- Brute-force attack
Component-based vulnerabilities occur when a software component is unsupported, out of date, or vulnerable to a known exploit. Using components with known vulnerabilities makes your application susceptible to attacks that target any part of the application stack.
Types of attacks could be-
The attacker exploits an unpatched system to execute malicious code on the server. He does by gaining access to an organization's internal network. Then he runs a scanning tool to locate internal systems with unpatched or outdated components. Finally, he exploits a flaw in the outdated component that allows them to install malicious code on the application server.
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