Penetesting Industry 4.0 IoT Prototype – 4

Must have security measures for Industry 4.0

  1. Firmware integrity and secure boot:
    Secure boot uses cryptographic code signing techniques, assures that a device only executes code generated by the device OEM or another trusted party. Use of protected boot technology restricts hackers from changing firmware with malicious instruction sets, thereby avoiding attacks. Unfortunately, not all Internet of Things (IoT) chipsets are equipped with secure boot capabilities. In such a scenario, it is important to ensure that Internet of Things (IoT) devices can only communicate with authorized services to avoid the risk of replacing firmware with malicious instruction sets.
  2. Mutual authentication icon:
    During every transmission or reception of data from any sensor or actuator through a network, prior authentication must be done which ensures that device is legitimate. Secure and mutual authentication helps protect against malicious attacks.
  3. Secure communication (end-to-end encryption):
    Secure communication capabilities protect data in transit between a device and the cloud. Encryption ensures that only legitimate user can access transmitted data.
  4. Security monitoring and analysis:
    Security monitoring tools like IDS, IPDS and Honeypots capture data on the overall state of an industrial system, including endpoint devices and connectivity traffic. Data is analyzed to detect possible threats present in the system.
  5. Getting VAPT done on a regular basis:
    VAPT helps industries to understand all loop holes in the system thus giving them a head-start in securing their industry from further cyber threats.